Turkmenistan’s New Challenges: Can Stability Co-exist with Reform? A Study of Gülen Schools in Central Asia, 1997–2007


In the 1990s, Turkmenistan’s government dismantled Soviet educational provision, replacing it with lower quality schooling. The Baskent Foundation schools represent the concerted efforts of teachers and sponsors to offer socially conscious education grounded in science and math with an international focus.

by Dr. Ali Ünsal