The Gülen Movement does not have or seek to have private sacred texts exclusive to itself; it does not have or seek to develop special rituals and priestly functions, or special costumes or gestures or insignia, or other devices that help to form a closed identity for a group. It does not offer outcomes or rewards unattainable by the ordinary means of human effort in the real world. It does not seek sacral celebration of the self in an abstract and anachronistic paradigm. The Gülen Movement’s action is not directed against anyone, real or mythical: It has no fantasized “adversary” to blame if there is any shortfall in outcomes. Rather, any failure must be socially defined within the actors’ frame of reference and responsibility.