No. Fethullah Gülen is not merely pretending to reject Islamist ideology. He has clarified publicly in print and broadcast media that he and...|
If the Gülen Movement relies on and develops professional expertise, what exactly is Gülen’s contribution to its work?
In service-projects, there are people skilled in more mundane tasks of organizing and there are people more skilled in analyzing and expressing needs...
If it is not concerned with economic and political matters, what does the Gülen Movement concern itself with?
The Gülen Movement is concerned with cultural values and beliefs. In its service projects it incorporates innovations in its established repertoires of action,...|
The Gülen Movement as collective actor does not draw back into itself or break off relations with social partners in the wider public....|
Does the Gülen Movement aim to express and reinforce old-fashioned and conservative patterns in society?
No. Although the values expressed by Fethullah Gülen and the Gülen Movement are traditional, the work of the Gülen...|
Is the worldview or collective action of the Gülen Movement an isolationist withdrawal into a pure community-based structure?
A sect creates ideological and existential separations, divisions and ruptures that cannot be overcome. Its identity politics and appeal tend to cover up or...
How does Fethullah Gülen prioritize the democratization, industrialization and economic development of Turkey?
Fethullah Gülen argues that through the democratization of Turkey it is possible to keep together industrialization, economic development and...|
If it is not through gaining control of the System or government, how does the Gülen Movement influence society?
The established social practice of the Gülen Movement focuses on the role and needs of the individual. It emphasizes individual needs for self-reflexivity...
Are there likely to be any future conflicts over power, resource distribution or succession in the Gülen Movement?
Since people in the Gülen Movement generally avoid seeking positions of power, and participants consciously avoid giving any power to people who seek...
Are the education services purely altruistic or does the Gülen Movement have other political and material objectives too?
Fethullah Gülen’s understanding of duty, to serve humanity especially in the field of education, permits no expectation of material or political gain. Sincerity...|
No. In 1971, Gülen left his post and Kestanepazarı Hall but retained his status as a state-authorized preacher. He began setting up more...|
If people can enter and exit at will, how is the question of the “free-rider” handled in the Gülen Movement?
“Free-riders” in a social movement are those who do not get actively involved if they think that it is...|
Is the Gülen Movement’s contribution to society and democracy recognized by all social actors in Turkey?
Its contribution is recognized by most, but not all social actors in Turkey.|
By what means does the Gülen Movement influence the lives of individuals, the community and society?
The private initiatives and competitiveness which the Gülen Movement encourages in support of public and philanthropic services are all based on free choice....|
Modernity has forced individuals and groups into an anxious state of rapid change and uncertainty. It has radically drained and emptied the individual’s...|
Compared to mobilization and struggle based on reactionary, political and antagonistic interests, the Gülen Movement has distinguished itself as an enduring form of...|
Why has such widespread willingness to engage in altruistic action emerged in the form of the Gülen Movement?
Voluntary forms of action emerge as alternative answers to shortcomings, deficiency or crisis in the governmental or welfare system in a society. Whether...|
The Gülen Movement contributes to the achievement of the conditions necessary for an effective pluralist democracy through formal and informal networks such as...|
Turkey is a country where the nation state has so far not been able to fully integrate its citizens or to meet the...|
The Gülen Movement equips people with cognitive, social, cultural and material resources to construct their present and future. It also equips them with...|
No. The fact that, as a thoroughly civic, autonomous initiative, the Gülen Movement is situated entirely outside the conventional...|
The cohesiveness of the group, in contradistinction to cults, does not derive from belonging to it. Belonging is not for its own sake;...|
While the Gülen Movement’s origin and services arise from a civil-society-based faith initiative, its discourse and practice affirm the idea that religion and...|
Fethullah Gülen calls for democratization, freedom, equity, justice, and human rights and the rule of law as the main basis for the regulation...|
Fethullah Gülen asks people to be careful to respect the values and authority which the state or state organizations...|
The Gülen Movement does not breach the system limits in order to defend the social order, as in the...|
People in the Gülen Movement take part in society in many ways and within many different relationships. These inclusive...|
By prioritizing knowledge and education rather than party politics or partisanship the Gülen Movement enables people to make better use of their resources,...|
The service-networks and the individuals who participate in the networks see their own limitations through face-to-face discussions, through availability...|
The Gülen Movement has systematically shunned contentious, political or direct action, preferring to remain, in principle and practice, non-adversarial. Instead, in order to...|
The Gülen Movement stresses reality and service-projects not an/the actor. As the Movement establishes itself here and now with projects, and as it...|
Does the Gülen Movement have any private, exclusive, sacred texts, rituals and priestly functions, or special costumes?
The Gülen Movement does not have or seek to have private sacred texts exclusive to itself; it does not...|
A notable feature of the Gülen Movement is that participants acknowledge and abide by the political system, and display...|
As a result of wise, flexible guidance, awareness of the proper and efficient means for the achievement of particular objectives and general goals,...|
No. In the Gülen Movement leadership is a group activity. It is based on social influence and revolves around a common task. Fethullah...|
If the Gülen Movement is altruistic and peaceful, why does it attract such strong reactions, both positive and negative?
The Gülen Movement’s understanding of service is geared primarily to altruism in Turkey and abroad. It is a mobilization that presents alternative models...|
Although he was not himself involved in any political movements, as a teacher and preacher Fethullah Gülen engaged actively with individuals embedded in...|
The Gülen Movement has significant effects on society so is it not conducting political action, even if it is not party political?
No. Political action and community service are different. Political groups with different political outlooks, worldviews and goals, work for their distinction, separateness and...|
No, the Gülen Movement does not fit any of the criteria which are used to identify sects or cults....|