Until the 1970s the historians of the Middle East focused on "either the religious, legal, philosophical, and literary texts of Islamic high culture...|
Unresolved Concerns of Women in the Modern Age: How Does the Gülen Movement Contribute to the Women Question?
Many women in the modern age are familiar with feeling torn between traditional expectations of women and the expectations of the modern working...|
Progress Through Piety: Sohbetler (Spiritual Gatherings) of the Women Participants in the Gülen Movement
The view that modernization, the sole path to progress, can only be achieved through secularization, and that, by extension, Islam, like other religions,...|
Feminists question the extent to which M. Fethullah Gülen, the Gülen movement, and individuals inspired by the movement promote women's status, self-determination, and...|
The Women’s Side of the Coin: The Gülen Movement in America, a New Turkish American Community Taking Root
This paper traces the development of the Fethullah Gulen movement as Turkish women who come to live in America experience it. My paper...|